There are four types of space:
- Positive space - It is similar to positive shape that it is the figure or foreground space and the focus of the design.
- Negative space - It is similar to negative shape that it is the empty space that is the background or what surrounds the subject matter.
- Shading - Shading adds gradation marks to make an object in 2 dimensional surface seem it is 3 dimensional. Below are the 5 kinds of shading light which used together create 3 dimensional look.
- Highlights, Transitional Light, Core of the Shadow, Reflected Light, Cast Shadow
- Perceptive - It is the graphic arts that is an approximate representation of and image that is perceived by the eye on a flat surface.
- Non Linear Perspective - Is the method of showing depth that incorporates the following techniques:
- Position - The placement of an object higher on the page which makes it appear farther back than the other objects place on the lower part of the page.
- Overlapping - When an object overlaps another object it appears closer and the object behind the object appears farther away.
- Size variation - Smaller objects look farther away in the distance and larger objects look closer.
- Color - Bright colors look like they are closer to you and neutral colors look like they are farther away.
- Value - Lighter values look like they are farther back and darker value looks like they they are closer.
- Linear Perspective - Is the method of using lines to show the illusion of depth in a picture.
- One point perspective - When lines are created by the side of objects and they all meet at one point on the horizon.
- Two point perspective - When two lines look as they are meeting at two points on the horizon line.
- Saw, James. "Design Notes". Palomar College.