Friday, July 27, 2012

Elements of Design - Space

Elements of Design - Space    
Space is concerned with the area the design will take place on.  

Categories of Space: 
There are four types of space:
  • Positive space - It is similar to positive shape that it is the figure or foreground space and the focus of the design.
  • Negative space - It is similar to negative shape that it is the empty space that is the background or what surrounds the subject matter.
  • Shading - Shading adds gradation marks to make an object in 2 dimensional surface seem it is 3 dimensional.  Below are the 5 kinds of shading light which used together create 3 dimensional look. 
    • Highlights, Transitional Light, Core of the Shadow, Reflected Light, Cast Shadow
  • Perceptive - It is the graphic arts that is an approximate representation of and image that is perceived by the eye on a flat surface.
    • Non Linear Perspective - Is the method of showing depth that incorporates the following techniques:
      • Position - The placement of an object higher on the page which makes it appear farther back than the other objects place on the lower part of the page.
      • Overlapping - When an object overlaps another object it appears closer and the object behind the object appears farther away.
      • Size variation - Smaller objects look farther away in the distance and larger objects look closer.
      • Color - Bright colors look like they are closer to you and neutral colors look like they are farther away.
      • Value - Lighter values look like they are farther back and darker value looks like they they are closer.
    • Linear Perspective - Is the method of using lines to show the illusion of depth in a picture.
      • One point perspective - When lines are created by the side of objects and they all meet at one point on the horizon.
      • Two point perspective - When two lines look as they are meeting at two points on the horizon line.


  1. Saw, James. "Design Notes". Palomar College.

No comments:

Post a Comment